Africa

THE ENVIRONMENT OF ANCIENT AFRICAN CIVILIZATIONS

The environment is an extremely important factor in determaing the developement of a civilization. It can help advance a civilization or impede it. In ancient Africa, the environment affected the different civilivations, such as the Sahel, the Wagado Empire and the Mbuti of the Ituri Forest. The environment uopn many aspects of these and other civilizations, such as agriculture, technology, trade, daily life and even sometimes the physical appearence of the people in the civilization were greatly affected by their environment.

The Sahel, which was located in West Africa and south of the Sahara Desrt, was affected by its environment. In ancient times, the climate of the climate of the Sahel was not so hot and dry, it allowed the people of the civilization to cultivate the land and gro crops. There was a wet season, most of the crops would grow and a dry season, when the winter crops would grow. The lands of the Shael were covered with natural grasses, which was great for raising cattle, sheep and goats. the manure that was produced by these animals would then help enrich the soil. Some of the lands of Sahel had iron deposits, which helped advanced their technology. Iron spears ,swrods ans hoes were developed. The iron weapons helped the Sahel protect itself and the tools helped with agriculture. Iron objects were alos valueable, so they were used to of rtrading and helped the people of the Sahel become skilled traders. The environment helped advance the ancient civilization known as Sahel.

The Wagadu Empire was an Ancient African civilization whose environment impoact its trade and daily life. This empire was located south of the Sahara and in between the SEngal River and the Niger River. Due to this civilization’s location, people were able to use rivers to trade with other civilizations. In those (300-1200 AD), rivers were the fastest and easiest way to carry goods. Si

Rita P. Callahan

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